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Adatkezelési tájékoztató

COVID-19 caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) became a pandemic in the first half of 2020. In the fall the second wave broke up, causing an even more desperate situation in many countries.

To slow the pandemic down and to minimize the economic loss caused by the COVID-19, it is essential to test people regularly and in a systematic way. Our company, HBS Medical Kft. has been distributing both antibody and antigen rapid test cassettes. Both of them can be performed quickly and can be applied by healthcare professionals at point of care (POC) sites.

Antigen tests are capable of identifying COVID-19 at the early phase of the infection, whereas antibody tests can detect it in the late phase and past infections, too. In this way, the two tests complement each other perfectly.

Clungene COVID-19 Antigen Rapid Test Cassette, whose exclusive Hungarian distributor is our company, is present on the Common list of COVID-19 rapid antigen tests, including those of which their test results are mutually recognized” in the European Union. This list has been compiled by the European Commission Directorate-General For Health And Food Safety. Only tests of excellent sensitivity and specificity, with proper documentation can be added to this list.

Our partners, Phoenix Pharma and Hungaropharma distributes our rapid tests for all pharmacies in Hungary.
The following figure shows in what time period the antigen test and the antibody test is able to detect COVID-19.
Antigen test and Antibody tests diagram
Explanation of figure

This figure serves as a reference; it shows when the COVID-19 antigen (Ag) and the two immunoglobulins (IgM and IgG) can be detected. “0” represents the day when the symptoms first occur (onset day).

The virus protein – the antigen – appears first; this can be detected by the antigen test. This is followed by the two antibodies, IgM and IgG, which are detected by the antibody test. The presence of IgM usually refers to the early-to-mid phase of the infection. In most cases, IgG appears later, in the second half of the infection, but it is present in the body in a detectable amount for months.

The typical symptoms of COVID-19 appear 2–14 days after becoming infected; typically, 5–6 days after. In the period of incubation (shown by negative numbers) no test can detect the infection consistently. However, it is assumed that during the major part of this period people might not spread the infection because there is not enough virus in their body yet.

Using COVID-19 rapid tests is a quick and cost-effective way of screening the employees of a company, an office or any other institution. Identifying and isolating those who are affected is an effective way of slowing the spread of the virus down, which may prevent the shut-down of the workplace and the financial loss associated with that.

A comparison on the most frequently applied testing methods:

RT-PCR Antigen rapid test
(Ag test)
Antibody rapid test
(serological test, IgG/IgM test)
What is being detected? The genetic material (RNA) of SARS-CoV-2 (the novel coronavirus) A specific protein present in SARS-CoV-2 (and recognized by the human immune system) The antibodies produced by the human immune system against SARS-CoV-2
What specimen is used? Naso-, or oropharyngeal swab Naso-, or oropharyngeal swab Blood (finger-prick or venous blood, or plasma)
How long does it take? More than 2 hours 15–30 minutes 15 minutes
Are there any further tools, materials, devices needed? Yes No No
Can it detect the infection after the time described below elapsed after the onset day?
First week Yes Yes Unlikely
Second week? Yes Sometimes Yes, in most cases
Third and fourth week? Sometimes Unlikely Yes
Can it detect a past infection? No No Yes (provided the antibody is still present)

The information provided by COVID-19 rapid tests is for reference whether people are or have been infected or not. The tests are for professional use only.

Our Social Responsibility

Our company has donated rapid tests to municipalities and other institutions several times, for scientific research, social and public health purposes.